Reading Challenge. Week 2: Plato’s Republic
Plato’s Republic explores the question: Is it always better to be just than unjust? To answer this question the book takes on the form of a dialogue between Socrates and various members of the public who question the motivation behind just actions. They discuss what makes a good and thereby a just city and ask how we can define justice as a virtue of human being.
If people can be made to believe it, they will be strongly motivated to care for the city and for each other. Malcolm Schofield, 2007 
In this week’s challenge, we are concentrating on a specific part of the book - Book 3. Book 3 discusses the place of Myth or a Noble lie in an ideal city and provides us with an example of the Myth of Metals. In the book, Socrates explains how a Myth or a Noble lie can create a just order within the city. Are Myths or Noble Lies necessary for achieving a just and good life? Can they be misused?
PDF to Allan Bloom’s translation of the Republic: https://mvlindsey.files.wordpress.com/2015/08/allen-bloom-the-republic.pdf
Encyclopedia Overview (10 min read): https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/plato-ethics-politics
Encyclopedia Overview: https://iep.utm.edu/republic/#SH1c
BBC Radio 4 ‘In our time’ Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss Plato’s Republic (49 mins): https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b08vwn6h
Julia Annas, An Introduction to Plato's Republic (Oxford University Press, 1998): https://historyofphilosophy.net/plato-republic-soul-political-philosophy
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 Malcolm Schofield
Edited by G. R. F. Ferrari, University of California, Berkeley
6 - The Noble Lie
The Cambridge Companion to Plato's Republic
Publisher: Cambridge University Press, 2007