Piret Pernik is a Research Fellow at the International Centre for Defence and Security. Her research focuses on political and strategic aspects of cyber security. Before joining ICDS, she worked at the Policy Planning Department of the Estonian Ministry of Defence. In 2009–2012, she served as an adviser to the National Defence Committee of the Riigikogu (Estonian Parliament). She has lectured on international relations in Estonia and has carried out sociological research projects at the institutes of Tallinn University. Piret has studied political science at the University of Tartu, and she holds a Master’s degree in Sociology from the Estonian Humanitarian Institute, the University of Tallinn; and a Master’s degree in International Relations and European Studies from Central European University in Budapest.